Deadline for action on climate change is over
Bonn / Madrid, 29 November 2019 : As the global climate change emergency intensifies and greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise. Governments will therefore gather in Madrid for the UN Climate Change Conference COP25 (December 2-13, 2019) to take the next crucial steps in the UN climate change process quality control.
COP24 Earrings Vs. Climate Change
Expectations for this meeting are high, especially for the approval of the pending article 6 of COP24 on the internationalization of carbon markets. The conference will take place under the Presidency of the Government of Chile and will be held with the logistical support of the Government of Spain. Patricia Espinosa, UN Executive Secretary for Climate Change, said:
“The world’s small window of opportunity to address climate change is rapidly closing. We must urgently deploy all the tools of multilateral cooperation to make COP25 the launching pad with: efficiency, effectiveness and efficacy for greater climate ambition and put the world on a transformative path towards low-carbon emissions and resilience,” he said. Last year, at COP24 in Poland, most of the Paris Agreement implementation guidelines were agreed, with the exception of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Article 6 is to provide guidelines on how international climate markets will work, as a key component of the world’s economic toolbox to address climate change.
Approaches to COP25
Other areas of focus at COP25 will include adaptation, loss and damage, transparency, finance, capacity building, indigenous issues, oceans, forestry, gender and more. In particular, the provision of finance and technology is crucial for developing countries to green their economies and build resilience. “While we have seen some progress with respect to climate-related finance for developing countries, we will continue to urge developed nations to fulfill their pledge to mobilize $100 billion annually by 2020,” said Ms. Espinosa. “We must also see that global flows of global finance reflect the profound transformation we need across society: away from carbon-heavy investments and toward sustainabilityand resilient growth. Drops in the bucket are not enough: we need radical change.”
COP25 to set the stage for enhanced NDCs
In 2020, nations must submit new or updated national climate action plans, called Nationally Determined Contributions or “NDCs”. They are a great opportunity for countries to structure specific actions and secure financial and technical support. According to the United Nations Environment Programme’s 2019 Emissions Gap Report released this week. Unless global greenhouse gas emissions fall by 7.6 percent each year between 2020 and 2030, the world will miss the opportunity to get on the right track. The world will miss the opportunity to get on track to meet the 1.5°C temperature goal of the Paris Agreement.
The 1.5 º C challenge
This means that the collective ambition would need to increase more than five times over current levels to achieve the cuts needed over the next decade for the 1.5°C target. “Current NDCs remain inadequate,” said Executive Secretary Espinosa. “If we stay on our current trajectory, it is estimated that global temperatures could more than double by the end of this century. This will have enormous negative consequences for humanity and threaten our very existence in the environment. We need an immediate and urgent change of trajectory. It is possible, but to stabilize global temperature rise at 1.5 degrees Celsius by the end of this century, we need to reduce emissions by 45% by 2030 and achieve climate neutrality by 2050. It is an extremely difficult challenge, but meeting it is absolutely necessary for the health, industrial safety and security of everyone on this planet, both in the short and long term.
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On raising ambition, COP25 will be informed by the outcomes of the Climate Summit in New York in September and the Climate Weeks in Africa, Asia and Latin America, co-organized by UN Climate Change this year. “At these key events, we saw a huge groundswell of action, with many contributions from governments and non-party stakeholders, including regions, cities, businesses and investors. Their contributions are crucial to drive the transformation we need, towards sustainable development,” said Executive Secretary Espinosa. At the Climate Summit in New York, Chile launched a Climate Ambition Partnership, a strategy that brings nations together to enhance action by 2020. As well as, those working to achieve net zero chemical CO2 emissions by 2050.
With 197 Parties, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has near-universal membership and is the core treaty of the 2015 Paris Climate Change Agreement. the strategic objectivesThe main objective of the Paris Agreement is to keep the global average temperature increase this century well below 2 degrees Celsius and to push efforts to limit the temperature increase further to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The UNFCCC is also the core treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol. The ultimate objective of all agreements under the UNFCCC is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that avoids dangerous human interference with the climate system, within a time frame that allows ecosystems to adapt naturally and permits a development sustainable development.
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